Hair loss also called alopecia or baldness is one of the major concern for both genders including children in these days.
We are here to tell you the causes of hair loss so that you can know what has caused your hair loss. Then we will tell you regarding the tactics that help in preventions. All these tactics will definitely help you in either stopping falling of hair or will reduce the speed of hair falling.
Hair is composed of a protein names, ‘keratin’. Keratin is formed in hair follicles in the outer layer of skin. Normally hair grows everywhere on human body except palms of hands and soles of feet. Many hair are so meager that cannot be observed easily.
For the most of the people hair grows normally six inches a year.
Although hair grows on all parts of the body but the part for which people have normally concern is our head. So we will talk about the hair loss from head. On the head of an average person the number of hair is almost 100,000 to 150,000 and hair loss is almost 100 hairs per day. So you should not consider yourself as unlucky when you see some hairs in your hairbrush or comb.
The root of hair is normally surrounded by connective tissue called follicles. OR you can say that hair grows in hair follicles. When follicles create new hair, the old hair is pushed by the new one through the surface of the skin.
At a given time around 90% of the hair is growing on person’s scalp. Each hair follicle has its own life cycle that is affected by age, diseases and so many other factors.
WHAT MATTERS FOR HAIR?
Consider the growth of hair as a garden where the growth only depends on what happens underground. In most of the cases, the hair loss takes place due to the inner reasons—reasons of genes or hormones and any other reasons that is related to the inner function of the body. It is recommended not to apply anything from outside for the growth of hair except the mustard oil that is very much beneficial when applied just after washing hair.
There are certain things that interfere with the growth of hair like infection, medication, illness or chemical. All these things have the power to act as hindrance the proper growth of hair.
Hair loss may be due to various reasons like medication, illness, chemical or infection. Hair loss will occur in so many different ways depending upon the underlying cause. Sometimes it happens gradually while in other times it occurs suddenly. With some people it occurs permanently while other face the problem of hair loss temporarily.
There are no prominent symptoms of hair loss but one can observe the changes that happen in hair.
CIRCULAR BALD SPOT
Sometimes a small spot in round shape appears on the head due to falling of hair. Such spots create the feelings of pain or create itchy feelings. Such spots also occur in beard and sometimes in eyebrows. Hair loss from these circular spots normally influences just the scalp.
GRADUAL THINNING ON TOP OF HEAD
The most common sort of hair loss that takes place in both genders normally occurs with age. The older the greater will be the hair loss. Such falling usually starts in the forehead and moves backward in the form of a line. But women usually retain the hairline on the forehead.
FULL BODY HAIR LOSS
Sometimes medical treatment like chemotherapy for the treatment of cancer results in hair loss. Such hair loss normally occurs in the whole body. Normally in such situations hair grow back.
ABRUPT LOSS OF HAIR
Sometimes due to physical injury or emotional episodes result in loosening of hair. When you try to pull some hair then you will find your fist full of hair. OR when you comb or brush your hair then you will find a handful of hair in the brush. Such hair loss does not create bald spot but causes weakness of overall hair.
CAUSES OF HAIR LOSS
According to American Academy of Dermatology, most of the people shed hair almost from 50 to 100 daily. On the day when the hair are washed, a person on average lose 250 hair but do not skip washing hair because hair has to be shed eventually, anyway. But such falling of hair does not prompt noticeable thinning of scalp because at the same time the new hair is growing nearer to the shedding spots.
The most obvious reason is the destruction of hair follicle that normally replaced by scar tissues after destruction.
No one knows the exact cause that leads to hair loss but there are some factors that seem to have hands in the problem. You must observe whether you have the below-given reasons for hair loss or not?
- Family History
- Hormonal changes
- Medical condition
- Cosmetic Procedures
Now we will discuss one by one.
It is the most common reason for hair loss. It may cause hair loss in both male and female. It creates baldness in men while thinning hair in women.
Heredity also controls the age in which the falling of hair starts, the rate at which the hair falls and the extent of baldness that occurs due to heredity problem. This type of hair loss normally starts with the puberty.
Hormonal changes and imbalances also lead to hair loss such as thyroid gland affects hormonal levels, so thyroid gland causes hair loss. Hair loss also occurred in pregnancy due to hormonal changes or onset of menopause. We have already discussed hair loss after childbirth that may help you if you have the problem of hair loss after your childbirth.
There are some medical conditions that prompt to hair loss. For example
Some illnesses that lead to scaring alopecia might result in permanent loss at the damaged spots. Such conditions include lichen planus, some type of lupus and sarcoidosis.
Here ‘scarring alopecia’ is a diverse collection of sporadic conditions that abolish the hair follicle and replace it scar tissue and lead to eternal hair loss.
Sometimes infection like ringworm attacks the hair and skin of the scalp, leading to scaly covers and hair loss. Once infections are treated but sometimes grow back.
HAIR PULLING DISORDER
This condition also called trichotillomania that causes people to have tempting wish to pull their hair. They often pull hair from eyebrows, from the head and other parts of the body.
PATCHY HAIR LOSS
This kind of hair loss also called alopecia areata. It normally takes place when the immune system of the body attacks the hair follicles. Such attacks lead to sudden hair loss that causes smooth and circular spots on the skin.
So many drugs used for various diseases like cancer, arthritis, birth control and blood pressure also cause the hair loss. It has been found that excessive intake of vitamin A also prompt hair loss.
Sometimes people take help from shampoo, bleaching, perm and coloring to make hair look beautiful. But applying these things lead to thinning and weakening of hair. Some people make tight curls in hair that is not good for proper growth of hair. Such practices do not cause the hair loss but lead to the weakening and thinning of hair.
If you eat low-protein diet on permanent basis or for longer time then hair loss may occur.
Other factors that lead to hair loss in people.
CERTAIN HAIR STYLES AND TREATMENTS
You people should avoid various styling you make in your hair because some of them will make your hair pull very tightly. Such styles include pigtails and cornrows that cause traction alopecia. Some treatments cause the inflammation of hair follicles like the hot oil treatments and permanents. Such treatments lead to hair loss. Hair loss could be permanent if scaring takes place.
Sometimes people face the problem of hair loss after an emotional or physical shock. The hair loss due to such reasons usually not permanent. Examples of such events may include excessive weight loss, high fever, surgery or death of a family member.
RADIATION PASSED THROUGH HEAD
Sometimes radiations passed through the head for the treatment purposes that leads to hair loss but in this case the hair grow back.
Let we tell you about the factors that lead to the hair loss or increase the speed of hair loss. You must think whether you have such factors or not?
- Certain medical condition like diabetes or lupus.
- Family history
- Poor nutrition
Now we will tell you how you can prevent the loss of hair. These tactics will either completely stop the process of hair falling or reduce the amount of hair that is lost in a day.
- Try to avoid rubbing, compulsively twisting or pulling your hair.
- Try to have nutritionally balance diet. Include protenous foods in your diet.
- Try to avoid tight hair styling. Yup, you can use tight hair styling but do try not to live with it for longer time.
- Treat your hair gently, when washing.
- Use wide toothed comb for combing or brushing hair.
- Try to avoid harsh treatment like hot oil treatments, hot rollers, curling iron and permanents.
- Do not bleach your hair because it removes the natural pigments and penetrate the chemicals that change the composition of hair and make hair weaker.
- Do not apply coloring to your hair.
- Choose a suitable shampoo because it will help your hair to get proper nutrition. Always read the labels on shampoo pack and choose the one that enhances the proteins.